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Urinary tract infection UTI Causes, Symptoms & Treatment

Urinary tract infection UTI: Causes, Symptoms & Treatment

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What is UTI?

  • Urinary tract inflammation (UTI) is an infection of the urinary tract.
  • The urinary tract includes the – kidney, bladder, ureter, urethra, and prostate.
  • Cystitis – inflammation of the urinary bladder.
  • Urethritis – inflammation of the urethra.
  • Ureteritis – inflammation of the ureters.
  • Pyelonephritis – inflammation of the renal pelvis.
  • Prostatitis – inflammation of the prostate gland in males.
  • UTI is commonly associated with cystitis.
  • UTI is more commonly found in women than when.
Urinary tract inflammation (UTI) is an infection of the urinary tract.
Urinary tract inflammation (UTI) is an infection of the urinary tract.

Couse of Urinary Tract Infection UTI

  • Bacterial infection (E. Coli) – (more common cause).
  • Sexual active women
  • Post menopause women
  • Perineal unhygienic condition
  • The less hygienic catheterization procedure
  • BPH and prostate cancer
  • Tight clothing wear
  • Upper respiratory tract infection
  • Synthetic undergarments
  • Candida infection
  • Poor-fitting vaginal diaphragm
  • Indwelling urinary catheter.

Symptoms of Urinary Tract Infection ( UTI )

  • Burning urination
  • Dysuria (painful urination)
  • Frequency and urgency
  • Discomfort during voiding
  • Abdominal pain and back flank pain
  • Hematuria (blood in urine)
  • Pyuria (pus in the blood)
  • Incomplete emptying of the bladder
  • Dribbling of urine
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Fever, malaise, and chills
  • Dark color foul-smelling urine
  • Incontinence of urine.

Diagnosis of Urinary Tract Infection UTI

  • History collection and physical examination.
  • Urine routine test
  • Urine culture test
  • Intravenous pyelogram
  • Midstream urine collection
  • Abdominal USG
  • Cystoscopy
  • Complete blood count (CBC) test – WBC increase.
  • RFT and LFT.

Treatment of Urinary tract Infection UTI

  • Broad spectrum antibiotics – clotrimazole
  • Penicillin
  • Ciprofloxacin.
  • Antispasmodic medication – Doxycycline.
  • Antiemetic for vomiting.
  • Antipyretics for fever.
  • Analgesics drugs – for pain.
  • Proton pump inhibitors.
  • IV fluid administers.
  • Excessive fluid intake.
  • Urinary tract analgesics – pyridium.

UTI Nursing management

  • Nurses monitor patient urine output and any urine findings.
  • Nurses maintain patient input and output charts.
  • Assess vital signs and body temperature is a sign of infection.
  • Nurses promote the hygienic environment to control infections.
  • Nursing encourages emptying the bladder regularly and completely.
  • Nurses regularly evaluate the bowel and bladder function.
  • Nursing encourages patients to exercise excessively.
  • Provide education about UTI and prevention or control of the UTI.
  • Provide prescribed medications and IV fluid therapy.
  • Advice about empty the bladder before and after sexual activity.
  • Advice for wipe the perineal area front to back after urination and defecation.
  • Avoid vaginal douches and spray in the perineal area.
  • Maintain proper hygiene during the menstrual cycle.
  • Nurses maintain documentation findings legally.
  • Provide health education and awareness.
  • Provide help in hospital discharge procedures.
  • Discuss the benefits of follow-up care.

Key Points of UTI

  1. UTI is most commonly associated with – Cystitis
  2. Cystitis is inflammation of – Urinary bladder
  3. Common incidence of UTI – Female
  4. The most common cause of UTI – E. Coli
  5. Which women have more chances of UTI – Sexually active women
  6. A most common cause of UTI in males – STD
  7. Most common nursing action to treat UTI – Provide excessive fluid intake
  8. The most common cause of nosocomial infection – E. Coli.
  9. Most common upper urinary tract infection – Pyelonephritis.
  10. Acute pyelonephritis is treated with – Antibiotics.
  11. Which pyelonephritis is caused by bacterial infection – Acute.
  12. Drug of choice of most UTIs – Sulfonamides.
  13. UTI analgesic is a – Pyridium.
  14. To prevent urinary tract infection, which drinks are recommended – Cranberry juice?
  15. Percentage of pregnant ladies who develop UTI – 1.5%

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What is Cystitis?

Cystitis is inflammation of – Urinary bladder

What is the Common incidence of UTI?

Common incidence of UTI – Female

What is the most common cause of UTI?

The most common cause of UTI is – E. Coli

Which women have more chances of UTI?

Sexually active women

What is the cause of UTI in males?

STD (Sexual Transmitted Disease)

What is the Most common nursing action to treat UTIs?

Provide excessive fluid intake

What is the cause of nosocomial infection?

E. Coli

Drug of choice for UTIs

Sulfonamides

To prevent urinary tract infection, which drinks are recommended?

Cranberry juice

How many pregnant ladies develop UTIs?

1-2 WHO 1.5%

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